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about Myofacial trigger point release therapy

Upper/Lower Body Pain Patterns

Lower Body Pain Patterns

1. What Does "Myofascial Trigger Point" mean?

  • The term "myofascial" is the combination of two Latin words, 'myo' which means muscle and 'fascia' for connective tissue in and around the muscle.

  • Myofascial trigger points are hypersensitive areas which keep a portion of the muscle or surrounding soft tissues contracted. Trigger points can cause pain, tingling, burning, weakness and restricted motion.

  • In the 1950's Dr. Janet Travell discovered when muscles are traumatized through accidents, sports, occupation or disease, myofascial trigger points (also called contraction knots) are formed in the muscles.

  • Dr. Travels' research demonstrated that each muscle has a specific pattern of referred pain. This means, a myofascial trigger point is capable of producing pain (or triggering pain) in a predictable pattern; both where it is located and in another area of the body.

2. Could my pain be from trigger points?

  • Myofascial trigger points are frequently overlooked or misunderstood as a source of myofascial pain.

  • Studies have shown that as many as 93% of all pain patients seeking medical intervention for pain presented with myofascial trigger points.

  • Myofascial pain can mimic the pain of many other medical conditions including chest pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, sciatica, migraine headaches and many more. Thus it is frequently overlooked as a source of the pain causing the symptoms.

  • Once a trigger point is formed, it can be there for life unless properly treated. If left untreated, trigger points tend to cause the formation of more trigger points.

  • Pain associated with multiple trigger points is often referred to as "Myofascial Pain Syndrome"

3. What is Myofascial Trigger Point Release Therapy and How Do
I Know It will Work For Me?

  • Trigger Point Release Therapy is a comprehensive program that includes inactivating trigger points by using a combination of compression (trigger point release pressure), coolant spray and stretch and moist heat. Therapeutic exercises, including both active and passive stretches bring the muscle back to its full normal length. Perpetuating factors ( things that cause trigger point formation) are also addressed.

  • Since as much as 93% of pain people suffer from has a myofascial component, it is likely that you will have a decrease in pain and an increase in motion once treatment has started. Your response to muscle pain treatment may help your healthcare providers identify and treat any other underlying medical conditions that may be adding to your pain. Refer to the Trigger Point Indicator check list for more help.